Tuesday, June 30, 2020

June 30, 2020

What Is Your Obesity Delivery Method?


What Is Your Obesity Delivery Method?


Wow this feels like a little bit of a cruel query, however it's a vitally necessary query to ask your self if you're struggling together with your weight and also you want to cease the weight problems cycle.


Additionally the query may appear apparent however it's extra complicated than first meets the attention.


There are four weight problems supply strategies.


Sugar wealthy meals, which embody wheat, rice and potatoes. All of those meals rapidly convert to glucose in your blood stream after which in triglycerides, often known as fat.

Junk meals that are heavy within the omega 6 industrial oils which play havoc together with your arteries and are additionally saved as fats, and are made worse by often being consumed with sugar. i.e. pizza and cola.

Inadequate motion, whereas train is a poor technique to drop pounds it is vital for the correct functioning of your complete physique, particularly your cardio vascular system, your immune system, your hormones and your emotional state.

When you have issues together with your hormones weight problems generally is a consequence. An below lively thyroid is essentially the most well-known, unsuitable ranges or testosterone, oestrogen and progesterone will trigger weight acquire, plus the stress hormone cortisol may cause meals cravings and melatonin the sleep hormone if not being produced correctly will end in lack of sleep and weight acquire.

Your thoughts. Whereas it is not attainable to devour energy by means of your mind, that is the place all of your selections are made and all of your feelings are skilled.

The answer isn't simple or easy regardless of the adverts claiming miracle weight reduction dietary supplements or devices. Greatest averted in any respect prices!

You want the suitable info and the suitable recommendation. There isn't a one dimension matches all in weight administration. Even you at 30 or 40 years outdated might be handled in another way. From the four strategies above you may get began on no 1 & quantity 2 that are fundamental weight-reduction plan adjustments. It is going to have to be fine-tuned in your wants however is a good place to start out.


Motion is straightforward as effectively, you needn't run a marathon and even go to a fitness center, and personally I might reasonably drink a liver smoothie than go to the fitness center, go should you get pleasure from it, however do not undergo after which really feel unhealthy for not going.


Motion is extra about discovering methods throughout your day to be extra lively, strolling upstairs, strolling just a little additional to the retailers, shifting extra at house. For instance I challenged a girl who was planning a vacation however was involved about her vitality for strolling to a easy strolling programme.


Day one, spend 5 minutes strolling a loop up and down her hallway and thru her lounge room, then add solely 30 seconds every day.


After one month she was strolling 20 minutes per day and by the tip on month 2 when she went on her vacation she was doing 30 minutes a day simply. She loved her vacation and she or he misplaced 5kg's as a result of she bought fired up and stopped snacking between meals. I ponder what you could possibly do?


See a health care provider who is ready to check your hormones and proper them if needed with bio-identical hormones.

Monday, June 29, 2020

June 29, 2020

The beautiful Foot and Common Injuries


The beautiful Foot and Common Injuries

Your toes combine superb complexity and power to offer help, mobility and stability. They're resilient, having the ability to face up to lots of strain and soak up lots of shock.

We frequently take our toes with no consideration. We often occasions do not realize how lucky we're to have the ability to stand, stroll, run, leap and do all types of actions. Any downside with the toes may have important, damaging impacts on different components of the physique. It is just throughout these instances of damage or once we completely lose the usage of our toes that we understand how vital and they're superb.

Earlier than you start to gripe and complain about your foot ache, look or scent, listed below are some attention-grabbing information surrounding the make-up of your toes:

Your toes every have 26 bones, which account for greater than 1 / 4 of the bones in your physique.

Your toes every have 33 joints in addition to greater than 100 ligaments, tendons and muscle groups.

Your toes additionally include a posh community of blood pores and skin, nerves, blood vessels and tender tissue.

Whereas the superb complexity and intricacy of the foot makes it sturdy and able to doing many issues, points can come up with out correct foot care and thru damage. Generally it does not take a lot to injure your foot. Foot circumstances and accidents vary in severity from blisters and ingrown toenails to plantar fasciitis to bone spurs and damaged bones.

Listed here are a few of the widespread foot accidents and circumstances that may make it tougher to your foot to operate correctly:

Athlete's Foot. A contagious foot situation unfold by the transmittance of fungus in moist, public locations. Itchy, burning and stinging toes and toes are widespread signs.

Blisters. These widespread foot circumstances are fluid-filled pockets brought on by sweaty toes, standing or strolling for lengthy durations and ill-fitting sneakers.


Bunions. A painful, infected bump on the aspect of the large toe that causes the large toe to bend inward towards your different toes.


Corns. Thickened, round patches of pores and skin on the toes and sole of your foot.


Plantar Fasciitis. A painful tear or pressure of the plantar fascia tendon on the underside of the foot that extends from the heel to the ball of the foot.


Heel Spur. Bony protrusions, irritation or ache within the entrance of the heel attributable to calcium deposits that develop between the heel and arch of the foot.


Claw Toe. When the large toe factors up on the first joint, then factors down on the second joint.


Mallet or Hammer Toe. A toe that curves down as an alternative of outward.


Gout. The painful accumulation of extreme uric acid, normally across the joints of the large toe.


Fungal Nail An infection. Lead to yellow, flaky, streaky and crumbling toenails as fungi enter the toenail.


Plantar Wart. Warts on the underside of the foot brought on by the human papillomavirus that's typically transmitted by means of the moist environments present in locker rooms and swimming swimming pools.


Stone Bruise (Metatarsalgia). Includes a pointy ache or tingly or numbness on the ball of the foot.


Flat Foot. A genetic situation whereby there's little or no pure arch of the foot.


Morton's Neuroma. The thickening of the tissue across the nerves within the ball of the foot brought on by the sporting of high-heels, tight sneakers, an irregular gait or repetitive actions.


Sesamoiditis. Painful irritation of the sesamoid bones that are situated close to your massive toe.


Diabetic Neuropathy. Includes sensations of tingling, and pins and needles because of nerve injury brought on by unregulated blood sugar ranges.


Ingrown Toenail. An ingrown toenail is when the sting of a toenail begins to develop into the pores and skin of the toe.


The foot is superb in its complexity. Whereas it's sturdy and sturdy and capable of face up to a lot strain and stress. They're, nonetheless, prone to a wide range of foot well being points.


To guard your toes, it is necessary that you just take correct care of them and to get remedy from a foot and ankle specialist.

Sunday, June 28, 2020

June 28, 2020

10 Exercises For Strengthening The Feet At Home


10 exercises for strengthening the feet at home


Foot problems today are very relevant for both children and adults. They can be inherited, but often the health of the feet is also affected by our daily habits. Without strengthening and caring for the feet on a daily basis, not only can foot problems develop, but the posture and the body as a whole are affected. In addition, summer is a time when we start to think more about the aesthetic appearance of the feet. How to take care of foot health and well-being at home?

Foot health from a child's feet

For children, the shape of the feet develops gradually - as the child grows, bones grow, muscles and ligaments strengthen. A small child's feet when the child starts to stand and walk are usually flat. Up to six to seven years, the arches of the feet are formed, the correct posture is formed. Child's feet are not a small version of an adult - they grow and develop, change shape and function until growth stops in late adolescence. Concerns about flat feet arise when the biomechanics of the feet and legs cause symptoms, pain and dysfunction. Insufficient strengthening of the musculoskeletal system in early childhood or excessive strain on the feet during sports, improper footwear can cause foot pain. In turn, early diagnosis and treatment of the feet can delay the development of deformities later in life, the doctor emphasizes.

Causes of foot problems in adulthood

For adults, especially in middle age, the causes of foot problems can be many and varied, the doctor explains. Lifestyle, working conditions, overweight, hereditary factors, aging changes in the body, as well as diseases can affect changes in the shape of the feet, decreased mobility in the joints of the feet, pain and inflammation. Over the years, the musculoskeletal system relaxes, the arches of the feet collapse, the joints of the feet become unstable and the risk of deformations increases.


Foot health problems can be temporary, transient or acute or admitted chronic. Acute problems can be, for example, pain, swelling, limited movement, inflammation, for example, caused by physical overload, wearing uncomfortable shoes, injuries, fractures. In such cases, the problem is eliminated by receiving appropriate treatment and following the doctor's recommendations.


It is more difficult if foot deformities have developed as a result of the disease, for example in the case of rheumatological disease or after a stroke. Then the treatment is complex and the most important goal is to prevent deformity, improve gait and quality of life.


Must be treated immediately!

In both acute and chronic foot problems, they affect mobility. During the course, the sore foot is spared or completely relieved, thus changing the muscle load on one side of the body, which can cause muscle tension, postural changes and pain in other parts of the body, such as the knees and back.


Early visits to rehabilitation specialists, treatment of foot problems can delay the emergence of other health problems. If a person starts therapeutic exercise after several months of injury, the muscles are already atrophied and it will take longer to regenerate. The coordination of movements changes, the fear of moving creates additional stress.


The most common mistake - stillness in everyday life

Everyday, many people do not think about the health of their feet, admits a specialist. Often the foot joints are not exercised at all and remain stiff over time. It is the inactivity of the joints of the feet and toes that causes the muscles and tendons to shorten. Later, microtraumas occur at the tendon attachment sites because the ligaments and tendons are inelastic. Horns, growths, calcifications are formed at the tendon attachment sites. They irritate the surrounding tissues and cause pain.


Walk barefoot!

With the onset of summer, it is important to allow your feet to "breathe", relieving them from uncomfortable shoes and walking barefoot. In addition, it can be done anywhere - at home, on the meadow, on the beach! There are so many nerve end-receptors in the foot that perceive irritation - new positive sensations that are carried to the brain. The body will react - the immunity will be strengthened, the arches, ligaments, muscles of the feet will be strengthened, thus the health of the feet will improve.


Taking care of foot health at home

Foot exercises at home are recommended for both children and adults.


Exercise 1. Take a seat. First move your toes up and down, bend and bend your feet in the joints, then round out and in. If you feel stiffness, help with your hand by moving each finger.


Exercise 2 - self-massage of the feet. Take a seat. With your fingers squeeze across the foot - longitudinal and transverse arch, check that the foot is not painful, squeeze it with your thumbs.


Exercise 3 with a ball. Take a seat. Put your feet on the ball, roll back and forth, round. Press on the ball, hold for a few seconds, tense and relax the muscles.


Exercise 4. From a sitting or standing position, lift your toes, then to your heels, then to the outside and then to the inside.


Exercise 5. Perform sitting or standing. Fold the toes, grasp the cloth, then straighten.


Exercise 6. Performs upright. Walk on the toes eight steps forward, then repeat on the heels, outer edges and inner edges.


Exercise 7. From an upright position, lift your toes 20 times.


Exercise 8. Stand on one leg, the other raised bent in front, stand for 30 seconds, then do the same with the other leg.


Exercise 9. Lean against the table, place one leg back on a full foot and stretch the caviar muscle for 20 seconds, then change legs. The same exercise can be performed sitting - wrap the exercise rubber around the foot and stretch it to yourself for 20 seconds.


Exercise 10. Sitting in a longitudinal seat (legs straightened in front), bend your feet, pulling your toes down and holding for 20 seconds.


Important! If you have joint arthritis, it is recommended to exercise in non-weight-bearing positions - lying down or sitting.


Advice for parents of children

It is important to monitor the health of the child's feet from an early age, the doctor emphasizes. There are foot problems that can be inherited and passed down from generation to generation, such as flat feet. So if parents have problems with their feet, their children's feet should be checked early in life. Many foot issues can be well managed with early intervention. If you are worried about your child's flat feet, or if you have noticed an awkward style of walking or running, or if your child is complaining of pain or cramps, you should seek professional help to diagnose and treat the source of the pain.


Tip for foot beauty

The beauty consultant emphasizes that the beauty of the feet goes hand in hand with their health, so we should not forget about the exercise and care of the feet on a daily basis. You should not afflict your feet with uncomfortable shoes - it will be detrimental not only to the appearance and health of your feet, but also to your overall well-being.


Don't forget to take care of the skin of your feet! In summer, it becomes drier, so it needs additional care and hydration, using foot cream every evening after a shower. However, once every two weeks, it is recommended to use a suitable, moderately abrasive foot scrub to exfoliate dead skin.

Saturday, June 27, 2020

June 27, 2020

Nutritional Supplements: Advantages and Disadvantages


Nutritional Supplements: Advantages and Disadvantages

In ancient times, people used a variety of herbs to treat diseases and viruses, reduce fever and heal scars. Natural remedies are able to reduce pain, improve metabolism or help calm down and get rid of.

By studying various plants, the scientists came to the conclusion that the effectiveness of these plants in some cases is not inferior to the effects of drugs, and at the same time allow not to worry about possible side effects. Therefore, in pharmacology, products such as food supplements - concentrates of biologically active substances were created as a supplement to the daily diet to prevent the lack of substances necessary for the body.



Biologically active additives or food supplements are not medicines, therefore the principle of their use is different.

Nutritional supplements are more often used to strengthen immunity or as an additional source of vitamins, because in today's busy pace of life, people are often unable to absorb the necessary substances in the body with food.

Natural supplements can be an effective aid in the treatment of various chronic diseases, but only in combination with medications and instructions prescribed by a doctor. Additional properties of biologically active additives:

  • Assists in the metabolic regulation process;
  • Promotes the formation of blood cells and proper blood clotting;
  • Acts as an antioxidant;
  • Some food supplements have hormone-like effects.
  • Promotes the development of enzymes in the body;
  • Has a beneficial effect on cellular respiratory processes;
  • Helps to remove toxins from the body;
  • Promotes the functioning of the body's reproductive system;
  • Promotes the normal formation of connective tissue;
  • Strengthens the cardiovascular system;
  • Helps to improve immunity;
  • Helps maintain a normal electrolyte (sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium and chlorine) balance in the body, which is necessary for heart, muscle and nerve health;
  • Improves the balance of acids and alkalis (ph) in the body;
  •       Has a beneficial effect on the intestinal microflora. 

Flaws (Disadvantages)

The effects of food supplements on the body are still actively discussed. The negative features are:


• habit of long-term use. Over time, the body becomes accustomed to receiving the necessary biologically active substances in high concentrations, and discontinuation of the dietary supplement may lead to deterioration of well-being and other undesirable symptoms, as well as deterioration of the body's natural defenses and synthesis of substances;


• Incorrect combination of vitamins and minerals. The interactions of vitamins and minerals in food supplements have not been fully studied, for example, a substance in one product can neutralize the effects of another or, conversely, increase it, leading to various allergic reactions and disorders;

• Some food supplements can cause side effects (which are not always mentioned in the package leaflet), so in case of serious illness, it is essential to consult a doctor before taking food supplements.


When buying supplements, it is important to pay attention to the manufacturer. It is not recommended to buy these products from unreliable sources, such as online stores or based on advertisements on various foreign sites that promise "miracles" using these biologically active additives. There is a risk not only to buy a low-quality product that will not have any effect, but also to suffer serious health problems. Nutritional supplements should be purchased only in pharmacies and if recommended by your doctor.

Friday, June 26, 2020

June 26, 2020

Why reduce the amount of sugar in the diet? Explains the experts


Why reduce the amount of sugar in the diet? Explains the experts


Can life be sweet without taking in extra sugar? Patients also ask pharmacists every day about the harmful effects of sugar on health.

What is sugar?

Various sugars are naturally found in foods, such as fruit and berry sugar (glucose, fructose), lactose or milk sugar. The labeling of foodstuffs under the heading "carbohydrates including sugars" usually indicates the total amount of sugars, both naturally occurring in the food and added sugars. However, if sugar is mentioned first in the labeling of a food in the "ingredients" section, or if several sugars are mentioned, such as brown sugar, cane sugar, glucose-fructose syrup, glucose syrup, fructose, such a product shall be considered as a product. with high sugar content.


Should and how much sugar to consume?

In March 2015, the World Health Organization (WHO) issued a statement on the role of sugar in promoting overweight and obesity. The WHO recommends that adults and children reduce the amount of sugar added to food and drink on a daily basis, including honey, syrups, fruit juices and juice concentrates. Sugar should consume no more than 10% of the total daily energy intake, while it is recommended to reduce the amount of sugar in the diet to 5% of the total daily energy intake to promote health.


The American Heart Association recommends a maximum of six teaspoons (25 grams) of added sugar per day for women and nine teaspoons (36 grams) for men. Most Americans consume much more added sugar, that is, 22 teaspoons a day (88 grams). This amount is easy to absorb, because only one can of sweetened drink contains 10 teaspoons of sugar. Almost everyone knows that sweets and lemonades contain a lot of sugar. In other products, too, it is not particularly hidden, all you have to do is read the nutrition section of the product label. Some good breads can prove to be an overweight contributor, as 100 grams of bread can contain eight grams of sugar. Sugar can be added as a flavor enhancer, such as liver sausage, and 100 grams of pickles contains about five grams of sugar, in the end the salty bun is actually sweet. Who would have thought that a 400 gram heavy pizza contains as much as 14 grams of sugar, not counting carbohydrates like starch! Salami pizza contains about 900 calories and together with the sweetened drink it can be considered an attack on health and body weight.


Is sugar a threat to human health?

 The answer is simple: "No, Exceed of any thing is always dangerous.!"


Cardiovascular diseases. A 15-year study looked at the effects of added sugar on heart disease. Respondents (regardless of age, gender, level of physical activity, and body mass index) who ingested 25% or more of their daily calories are twice as likely to die of heart disease as those who added less than 10% to their diet. sugar - according to a study published by Harvard Medical University. High daily sugar intake changes the lipid profile - the so-called "bad" (LDL) cholesterol levels increase, which contributes to the development of atherosclerosis.


Type 2 diabetes. Especially sweet drinks are associated with an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes. In Latvia, every tenth adult could have type 2 diabetes, but only a third of people who actually have diabetes have been diagnosed with it. In the past, type 2 diabetes was called senior diabetes, but now it unfortunately also affects children and adults.


Hypertension or high blood pressure. Salt is usually blamed for increasing the risk of high blood pressure. A study published by the American Society of Nephrology in Science Daily found that 4,528 adults who had never had high blood pressure consumed 74 grams of sugar each day (with the remark that such a small amount of sugar could be contained in, for example, a small piece of cake). ), there was an increase in blood pressure of 28%, 36% and 87%, respectively, at 135/85, 140/90 and 160/100 mmHg (assuming a normal blood pressure of 120/80 mmHg).


Gout. It is already known that "painful arthritis" or gout can be obtained, for example, by eating too much red meat, but the same applies to fructose, which increases the level of uric acid in the blood during the metabolic process. Elevated uric acid levels can also cause kidney damage and the formation of uric acid kidney stones.


Liver disease. Too much glucose has a negative effect on insulin and contributes to diabetes, but too much fructose can damage the liver. The natural fructose in the fruit should not be worried. Fruits contain not only vitamins, but also fiber. It is important! Therefore, you should not "drink fruit", because squeezed fruit juices do not contain fiber. In turn, the juice, as already mentioned, contains a lot of sugar.


More problems for the liver occur if fructose is ingested, which is added as a sweetener to drinks, chocolate bars, breakfast cereals, also honey 50% and agave syrup contains 88% fructose. If such products are ingested very often and in large quantities, the liver becomes obese and is at risk of developing fatty liver disease or hepatic hepatosis. If unhealthy eating habits are reviewed and corrected in a timely manner, then it is a reversible condition.


Dental health. Dental health is significantly affected not only by oral hygiene, but also by eating habits. Tooth decay is mainly caused by sugar-containing products - chocolate, sweet drinks, dried fruits. Bacteria in the mouth consume the sugars in food and produce acid, which is one of the causes of tooth decay. When snacking on something sweet, if you do not have a toothbrush with toothpaste on hand, it is advisable to at least rinse your mouth with clean water or drink a glass of milk, which will slightly neutralize the acidic environment in the mouth.


Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Sugar is thought to worsen or cause ADHD. However, the theory that ADHD contributes to excessive sugar consumption is rejected in several important studies. Some studies suggest that there is almost no doubt that hereditary factors play a major role.


Premature aging. Telomeres, or sets of DNA, are located at the ends of chromosomes and become shorter over the years, but their length will be significantly shortened for sweet drinkers. People with long telomeres age more slowly, according to a study published in the American Journal of Public Health. It has been found that people who drink 350 milliliters of sweetened drinks a day have shorter telomeres, which affects the aging of cellular tissue by four years.


Sweet Substitute Suite

The pharmacist describes in more detail the various sweeteners used to replace sugar. Several sugar replacement products are also available in pharmacies.


Sodium saccharin - one of the first synthetic sweeteners in the world. Despite its name, it is in no way related to sugar, is a synthetic derivative of coal tar. People are not able to metabolize it, hence, it is sweet but does not contain calories. Reports of carcinogenic effects in studies in mice have been of great concern. Unlike humans, mice are able to metabolize their compound. The results of the studies have not been epidemiologically translated into humans either. Sodium saccharin has been used safely in food sweetening since 1884.


Aspartame, acesulfame-K are amino acid derivatives with a very sweet taste. They are estimated to be on average 200 times sweeter than sugar. Although man is able to metabolize these substances, the amount required is so small that they are considered calorie-free. It should be noted that these sweeteners contain phenylalanine and may be dangerous for patients with congenital genetic diseases phenylketonuria (inability to metabolize phenylalanine). Excluding this small group of patients (an average of one in 12,000 people), these are harmless sweeteners.


Stevia - is a natural sweetener obtained from the leaves of the plant Stevia rebaudiana. It is about 200-300 times sweeter than sugar. There are people who grow this perennial themselves and add leaves to the diet. It is also available commercially as a sweetener in various forms (tablets, powder). Some people may be allergic to this plant. It contains a protein that is also found in the plant ragweed (Ambrosia psilostachya). It is estimated that up to one in 30 people may be allergic. It is less common with prefabricated products.

Thursday, June 25, 2020

June 25, 2020

Clinical immunologist: Vitamin D can help humanity fight coronavirus


Clinical immunologist: Vitamin D can help humanity fight coronavirus


Vitamin D is the focus of the world's leading research centers during a coronavirus pandemic. Scientists continue to elucidate and demonstrate its positive effects on patients' immunity. Therefore, there is reason to believe that vitamin D will support humanity in the fight against the virus.


Experts have analyzed the average levels of vitamin D in the population of 20 European countries in relation to the statistics on coronavirus mortality in these countries. Vitamin D deficiency may have caused high mortality from COVID-19 in countries such as Spain, Italy and Switzerland, especially among the elderly, say researchers at the Queen Elizabeth Hospital Foundation and the University of East Anglia. The study is published in the journal Research Square.


Referring to the results of the study, they note that the Italian organism contains on average 28 nano moles per liter (nmol / L) of vitamin D, the Spanish - 26 nmol / L. In this case, a deficiency of the substance is recorded when the indicator falls below 30 nmol / L. Scientists note that the amount of vitamin D in the body is much higher among the citizens of Scandinavian countries - on average 45 nmol / L.


However, a study at Northwestern University in the United States found that patients with severe vitamin D deficiency were more than twice as likely to develop serious health problems as a result of the coronavirus. Experts who studied the relationship between coronavirus and vitamin D found a correlation between the low levels of vitamin D seen in some patients with coronavirus and a storm of cytokines, a hyper infection caused by an overactive immune system. A cytokine storm can severely damage the lungs and cause acute respiratory distress syndrome, which can lead to the death of COVID-19 patients.


A study published in The British Medical Journal reports that vitamin D can fight viral and bacterial pathogens that cause asthma, pneumonia and flu.


"Vitamin D really helps to strengthen the immune system, and most likely, it helps to avoid complications of coronavirus disease," explains expert, clinical immunologist, "On a fundamental level, nutrient lack is related with certain adjustments in human resistance and influences any popular contamination. Nutrient D is significant for the correct working of the hormonal framework. This is especially true for women, But also for men. And, of course, it helps the body's metabolism, including namely, strong bones are vitamin D, growth - it is also vitamin D. "


Women who are deficient in this vitamin have been shown to be more likely to develop breast cancer. Therefore, high doses of vitamin D are also used during the treatment of this disease.


"One of the most significant components affecting nutrient D levels in the body is the sun," says the immunologist, "however I can say that the side effects of this nutrient lack are starting to show up in individuals living in northern scopes like us, yet in addition in the sunniest ones  places." So it's not just the sun. This is especially true of nutrition. The diet should include a variety of oils, including olive oil, as well as oily products, fish, dairy products. Milk fat can also be a source of vitamin D. Usually, those who like low-calorie diets sin by completely excluding fatty foods from their diet. This in turn reduces the intake of vitamin D."


Many studies have found that the combination of vitamin D with extra virgin olive oil is particularly effective. The beneficial effects of olives are widely used in the treatment and prevention of many diseases.


Experts recommend daily use of vitamin D in small doses (1000 - 4000 IU). It should be remembered that vitamin D3 is very soluble in fats, especially hemp oil and extra virgin olive oil. In this case, the body absorbs the vitamin best.


Do not forget that olive oil is rich in vitamins A and E, rapeseed oil is also rich in Omega 3 and Omega 6 fatty acids. This combination allows the best absorption of vitamin D3.

Wednesday, June 24, 2020

June 24, 2020

How to deal with the stress and fears of Covid 19, the economic crisis and partial isolation?


How to deal with the stress and fears of Covid 19, the economic crisis and partial isolation?


The rapid spread and self-isolation of an infectious disease leads to a variety of experiences, such as fear of infection, anxiety about loved ones resulting in difficulty concentrating, sleep and appetite disorders, and psycho-emotional difficulties. Of course, being aware of what's going on is very important, but the first thing you can do is limit your time on social networks and the information environment to 1-2 times a day to listen to a reliable source about the situation or existing changes.


You still need to take care of your body, namely to rethink your daily healthy activities, eating and sleeping, you should give up alcohol and other addictive substances, as they only seem to improve your well-being for a while, worsen it later and cause serious physical and emotional damage.

Caring for a psycho-emotional state includes relaxation techniques, meditation, breathing exercises, awareness exercises that reduce anxiety, restlessness, and mood. Also here we must not forget about the activities that make us happy, be they hobbies or joint activities with the family. I cannot fail to mention the special importance of the conversation, so it is also worth speaking, telling your worries to relatives, friends or, if necessary, a specialist.


Stress and anxiety in these new circumstances arise because we are forced to be in conditions beyond our control or significant influence. We also feel bad, because our usual daily routine is changing rapidly, we have to adapt quickly to the new circumstances. Thus, it is important to focus on those things or processes that we can influence ourselves. Remember for yourself and remind your loved ones that it is normal to feel anxious or worried in this type of crisis. Feelings need to be expressed, and there are many different activities for this purpose - art and drawing, music, creative workshops, and so on. The daily routine, which should be set up to structure the day and avoid the unpleasant feeling that there is even more change, also helps to avoid stress. Even when quarantined or losing a job, it is important to create an agenda that includes physical activity. In times of crisis, we all turn to catastrophe, the thoughts "but if" appear, which make us feel even worse when imagining the most negative scenarios. Therefore, in such a crisis, it would be worth considering such questions - "What can I control?", "What is the probability of the worst outcome?", "What can I do now?".


Regular physical exercise at home is important. It could be stretching, gymnastics, it could also be an easy walk. Short moments of rest between works. Even if you have to work from home, you should take a 10-15 minute break every 45 minutes, during which you have to get up, walk and ventilate the room.


There should also be time for an activity that really brings joy and well-being. Caffeine and alcohol should be limited. Follow the basic principles of a healthy diet, improve sleep hygiene and prepare for sleep in the evening, for example, ventilate the room before bed, provide a comfortable mattress and bed linen. You could take a warm shower or bath. Before going to bed it is healthy to take a little walk in the fresh air, limit the viewing of news in the evening and before the night's rest. On the other hand, during the day at home, you may want to fall asleep, but this is not desirable for more than 20-30 minutes.


In times of crisis, difficulties can arise in the family not only between partners, but also between parents and children. Children are at risk of a more pronounced response to stress, so children should be given special support during COVID-19. Support can be facilitated by the example of the parents themselves, who take care of their own and their relatives' health, try to talk to each other calmly, follow the principles of a healthy lifestyle. Children's feelings, complaints, fears should be listened to and normalized. Several parents had difficulties in structuring the day for the children and during the home schooling process, so setting a time for study and leisure activities can facilitate adherence to the daily routine. Offer children a variety of stress-relieving activities or games. Also, allocate the appropriate time of day. It is also useful to plan family activities during which the family becomes even more united, perhaps everyone learns more about each other, such as board games together, reading a book aloud, exercises for the whole family together in the morning.


With regard to the family as a whole, in the context of COVID-19, it would be important to focus on the following steps: fostering a sense of security in the family, reassuring each other and supporting, communicating with each other and with relatives and friends, and promoting family cohesion. So it's important to follow all safety precautions and discuss it with your family, which will make you feel safer because you are in control of what you can. Reduce family activities that could increase anxiety, such as watching the news. Here again, the whole family should create a daily routine to stick to, but do not forget that the agenda should include fun joint activities, creative activities, gymnastics together. It is also valuable to promote decision-making strategies and develop new family skills for all together, new traditions, principles of constructing dialogue and a supportive environment. Whatever skills you want to develop or improve, the overall message could be based on the principles "We can handle it together!", "We don't always have to be perfect, and we can be less demanding at times!"


In these circumstances, the most important thing is to support and facilitate the conversation. The loss of a job that has happened to many people could be an unexpected event that cannot be prepared for. There are thoughts about what will happen next, negative assessments of the future, including self-blame. However, one should try to remind the person that work is not the only thing that makes us a personality. Each of us has skills, abilities and qualities that are valued, it remains to see them again. It must be remembered that the lack of work is not eternal, the situation will change and other offers may appear. Often we lose perspective, we tend to think rather negatively. In the aftermath of a job loss, it is important to encourage social contact, as isolation tends to create even more destructive and self-blaming reflections.


However, our body and brain like structured everyday life, so even in this case, a relative should be motivated to create an agenda, small tasks that should be done during the day. Particular attention should be paid to the mornings, because the morning sets the mood for the whole day.


Another way to help deal with strong feelings after losing a job, when self-blame or frustration is in and around yourself, is to involve people in activities that help others. It allows you to feel needed, important, satisfied with what you have done and keep motivated to move on. Such activity also reduces the feeling of loneliness and isolation that can occur in such conditions.

Tuesday, June 23, 2020

June 23, 2020

Diabetes mellitus: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment


Diabetes mellitus: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment


If a person is very thirsty and wants to drink a lot of fluids, and this is not just due to heat or heavy exercise, it may indicate the development of diabetes and it is advisable to consult a doctor - even if tests show that sugar levels are normal. Because diabetes takes many forms, in addition to the widespread and well-known diabetes, it is possible to develop so-called diabetes mellitus, the most important signs of which are increased thirst and increased urine output - up to five to six liters or more per day.


The name diabetes mellitus covers a number of diseases characterized by the inability of the renal tubules to regulate the reabsorption of water in the body from so-called primary urine, which is formed by the kidneys filtering blood. These diseases are caused by a disorder in the production of antidiuretic hormone, or ADH, or by a lack of action of this hormone. As already mentioned, these disorders are manifested by strong thirst and unusually large amounts of un-concentrated urine.


Depending on the cause, diabetes mellitus is divided into four different types, which may be due to disorders of antidiuretic hormone synthesis or release, renal insensitivity to this hormone, although it develops fully; These disorders can also be caused by the use of certain medications, head trauma, a tumor in the head, surgery that affects the brain, hormonal changes during pregnancy, and other causes. The patient may also have primary polydipsia, a type of diabetes mellitus based on a lowered thirst threshold due to damage to the center of the brain or an obsessive desire to drink and an increase in the amount of blood circulating in the body. In such patients, increased fluid intake also results in an increased need to urinate to reduce excess fluid in the body.


Regardless of the cause of the diabetes, it is characterized by increased thirst and an increased need to urinate. The patient with these symptoms should consult an endocrinologist, because only a specialist will be able to distinguish which form of diabetes mellitus the patient has and determine what treatment it needs.


A person constantly loses fluid through the kidneys, skin and lungs. If we do not take in enough fluid as a compensator, the amount of dissolved salts in the liquid part of the blood - plasma - increases the osmolality of the blood. Thanks to a system that balances the amount of fluid ingested and excreted, a healthy person has a very limited osmolality range - 285-295 mOsm / kg, which depends on the body's current requirements.


The basic element of this system is the cells located in the hormone control center in the brain. The cells respond to increased osmolality in the blood by stimulating the thirst center or releasing the antidiuretic hormone or vasopressin. It is a key hormone that contributes to the balance of the body's internal environment. Vasopressin performs several functions: it narrows blood vessels (mainly the liver, kidneys, heart and endocrine organs), acts on the blood clotting system and many other functions. However, its main function is to regulate the excretion of water through the kidneys by acting on the renal tubules and increasing fluid reabsorption.


The release of vasopressin is stimulated by a number of factors, including pain, stress, sleep, exercise, nausea, and chemicals such as anesthetics, nicotine, and others. One of the most important factors that reduces the release of this hormone is the use of alcohol.



How can diabetes mellitus occur?

Central diabetes mellitus develops when the lesion affects most of the cells in the part of the brain that produce the aforementioned hormone vasopressin, the hormone control center in the hypothalamus. It is a fairly rare disease that affects one in 2,500 people. It is equally common in both men and women. More often, it is a secondary disease associated with damage to the hypothalamus and pituitary glands in the brain caused by a tumor, malignant tumor metastasis or brain injury. It should be noted that benign pituitary tumors very rarely lead to the development of diabetes mellitus.


Central diabetes mellitus can also occur with inherited diseases or genetic syndromes. This can be a consequence of autoimmune diseases. In many cases, it is also impossible to identify a specific cause.


Symptoms of diabetes mellitus

Irrespective of the cause and form of the disease, the manifestations of diabetes mellitus are identical. The main symptoms are regular increased thirst and increased need to get rid of fluid in the body - excessive urination or polyuria.


Polyuria can develop gradually, but most often begins suddenly. The amount of urine excreted varies from three to up to 20 liters per day. Thirst develops due to dehydration, and the amount of fluid you drink usually matches the amount you pass in your urine. Patients complain of sleep disorders because they have to go to the toilet at night, the first sign of diabetes in children may be wetting in bed. Polyuria, which lasts for several years, can lead to dilation of the urinary system, accumulation of water in the kidneys, while excessive water intake can cause gastric enlargement, and dehydration can reduce the secretion of various enzymes in the gastrointestinal tract. Loss of water causes constipation, dryness of the skin and mucous membranes, which means reduced salivation and sweating, patients become easily irritated, unbalanced, and the body weakens.


In the case of dehydration, when the amount of fluid lost through drinking cannot be restored in sufficient quantities or there is no opportunity to drink, young children and the elderly are at risk of developing very severe neurological symptoms, seizures or even prolonged loss of consciousness - coma.


In the diagnosis of endocrine diseases, the determination of hormone levels or metabolites of hormone metabolites in the blood or urine is most commonly used. In the case of diabetes mellitus, the level of vasopressin is not determined because it is difficult to determine in the laboratory and the methods are very expensive. Therefore, the action of vasopressin is assessed by measuring the osmotic concentration or osmolality of blood and urine.


Patients with polyuria should be evaluated to determine the type of diabetes they are suffering from. This is done by measuring the amount of fluid ingested and excreted over 24 hours, and it is recommended that this test be performed twice. Urinating agents should be discontinued two days before this fluid measurement, but fluid intake should not be limited. The diagnosis is confirmed if more than 2.5 to three liters of urine are excreted per day (more than 40 milliliters per kilogram of body weight per day) and it is at a low concentration - it is light, almost colorless.


Initially, your doctor may also prescribe biochemical tests to rule out other causes of polyuria, such as high blood sugar, increased or decreased urinary calcium or acute renal failure, daily circulating urine tests every three hours and a functional non-fluid test. under the supervision of a doctor.


Significant fluctuations in urine output per portion (50 milliliters to 250 milliliters) and the predominance of urine excreted during the day over that excreted overnight, as well as peak urine density, indicate that urinary concentration and dilution are maintained.


If the tests confirm a central form of diabetes mellitus, vasopressin development and release disorders, a magnetic resonance imaging of the brain will be performed to confirm the diagnosis, as diabetes mellitus may be the first sign of a pituitary tumor or another tumor localized to the area.


Treatment of diabetes mellitus

Treatment is based on the replacement of insufficient hormone with a synthetic analogue of the antidiuretic hormone - desmopressin. This synthetic hormone replacement narrows blood vessels less and lasts longer than vasopressin (12 to 24 hours), which is individual for each person.

Therapy is started with an overnight dose - finding the minimum effective dose at which there is no longer a need to urinate at night, then the duration of action is assessed. When polyuria appears, it means a daily dose (morning and lunch). This medicine should usually be taken two to three times a day.

 However, medication is not always necessary - if the amount of fluid released is up to four liters per day, sometimes it is enough to take just the right amount of fluid.

Occasionally, patients with severe thirst may be referred for psychiatric counseling, as they may also be a sign of mental illness.